2. SBM vs. RBM vs. SLA || What is the difference between these surface treatments?


2. SBM stands for Soluable Blast Media. SBM is similar to RBM in nature. SBM/RBM surface is created by using a Soluble Blast Media of Hydroxylapatite (HA) crystals to create a rough texture, and then the surface is cleaned with 20% acid solution. 

SLA (Straumann) surface is created with large grit Aluminum Oxide particles followed by acid etching with Sulfuric and Hydrochloric acid to remove the imbedded particles (SLA – Sandblasted with Large grit followed by Acid etch). The acid etch requires as high as 40% nitric acid solution to remove the particles, but the 40% acid itself is a big problem because the acid residue has negative influence on osseointegration. Morever, the cost of SLA is much lower than SBM.

Below are several studies regarding how SBM is superior to other surface treatments such as HA, TPS and Machined surface.


1.       Novaes AB; Souza SL; de Oliveira PT; Souza AM. Histomorphometric analysis of the bone-implant contact obtained with 4 different implant surface treatments placed side by side in the dog mandible. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2002 May-Jun; 17(3):377-83 (ISSN: 0882-2786)


2.  Piattelli M; Scarano A; Paolantonio M; Iezzi G; Petrone G; Piattelli A. Bone response to machined and resorbable blast material titanium implants: an experimental study in rabbits. J Oral Implantol 2002; 28(1):2-8 (ISSN: 0160-6972)

3.  Aron Gonshor, PhD, DDS, Gerald Goveia, DMD, and Emmanouil Sotirakis, DDS (2003) A Prospective, Multicenter, 4-Year Study of the ACE Surgical Resorbable Blast Media Implant. Journal of Oral Implantology: August 2003, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 174-180.

4.  Sanz R, Antonio DDS; Oyarzun, Alejandro; Farias, Daniel; Diaz, Ivan. Experimental Study of Bone Response to a New Surface Treatment of Endosseous Titanium Implants.  Implant Dentistry. 10(2):126-131, June 2001.

*** More studies are available upon request***